Category: Casualisation of labour

Is Jack as good as his master ? – » The Australian Independent Media Network

The UK decision, which may be influential on any future court challenge in Australia, looked at five key criteria to determine that the drivers were workers who were subject to the control of their “employer”. These were: Uber sets the fare for rides booked through the app and drivers are not able to charge more than the fare calculated; Uber specifies and imposes the terms on which the drivers perform their services; the drivers’ choice about whether to accept requests for rides is constrained by Uber, for example by penalising drivers who decline trips too frequently; Uber exercises control over the way drivers perform their services, via a rating system; and Uber restricts communications between passengers and drivers to prevent any continuing relationship beyond an individual ride. The next move in Australia will be to take the issue to the courts for determination but in the meantime a driver owned co-operative seems like a good alternative for the drivers : after all it doesn’t take much to set up an ‘app’, does it ?

Source: Is Jack as good as his master ? – » The Australian Independent Media Network

Clear as mud: gig workers’ rights versus Uber, Deliveroo, Ola and Menulog fight for flexibility – Michael West

Gig economy Deliveroo UberEatsMenulog won plaudits for its promise to trial an “employment model”, yet in the wake of the Senate inquiry the battle to find consensus over what constitutes fair work in the gig economy remains in full swing. Workers – or “partners” as Uber calls them – still earn less than the minimum wage for employees not covered by an award or registered agreement and they receive no benefits or legal protections. Luke Stacey reports.

Source: Clear as mud: gig workers’ rights versus Uber, Deliveroo, Ola and Menulog fight for flexibility – Michael West

The Coles Warehouse Lockout Is a Front-Line Struggle in the Battle Over Automation

Australia’s biggest supermarket chain has locked out its warehouse workers in New South Wales. The lockout is the first battle in a coming war over who will benefit from automation — solidarity with the Coles workers is vital.

The Coles Warehouse Lockout Is a Front-Line Struggle in the Battle Over Automation

I Was a Warehouse Wage Slave – Mother Jones

More than 15 percent of pickers, packers, movers, and unloaders are temps. They make $3 less an hour on average than permanent workers. And they can be “temporary” for years.

I Was a Warehouse Wage Slave – Mother Jones

Employers step up efforts to get rid of penalty rates



Late night loading, which gives workers an extra 10 to 15 per cent per hour, could be stripped from the award. Photo: Tamara Voninski

Australian industry is mounting a concerted campaign to wind back and abolish weekend and public holiday penalty rates, particularly in the hospitality sector.

Employer submissions to the Fair Work Commission’s review of minimum wage conditions across the economy filed in the last weeks of the year reveal the hitlist for business groups, which argue they need greater flexibility and lower costs in the face of tough trading conditions.

The commission is reviewing more than 200 awards that provide minimum wage, hours and other conditions. As part of that exercise it is conducting a separate examination of penalty rates that will flow into a number of awards.

Restaurant & Catering Association chief executive John Hart.Restaurant & Catering Association chief executive John Hart. Photo: Getty Images

The push comes as the federal government has launched a review of industrial relations through the Productivity Commission

A particular focus is hospitality. The Restaurant & Catering Association used its submission to argue that the late night loading, which gives workers an extra 10 to 15 per cent per hour, should be stripped from the award.

RCA chief executive John Hart said he would also be looking to capitalise on a recent win in another case to push for standardised penalty rates across Saturday and Sunday across the industry.

Illustration: Matt Golding.Illustration: Matt Golding.

“We are not arguing there shouldn’t be penalty rates, because the legislation says there has to be, it is now about arguing the quantum,” he said.

He said the union’s pitch in that case had been that working Saturdays was a hindrance to social life, because of children’s sport and other activities, rather than the importance of Sundays.

“They didn’t mount it around going to church. I think that bolsters our argument that Saturday and Sunday should be treated the same,” he said.


He said one-third of restaurant and catering businesses did not trade on Sundays due to high wages.

Jos de Bruin, chief executive of the Master Grocers Association, which represent independent supermarkets, said paying double time on a Sunday provided an “enormous cost burden on what is now becoming a normalised day to trade for our members”.

Mr de Bruin said a reduction from double-time – sometimes up to $50 an hour – to time and a half would allow small independent grocers to hire more staff and improve service.

Midweek breaks preferable to some families: Brickworks managing director Lindsay Partridge.Midweek breaks preferable to some families: Brickworks managing director Lindsay Partridge.

“We are doing the best we can to cope with what we’ve got, but we’re at a cliff edge now,” he said.

The major retailers are yet to lodge detailed submissions but have consistently argued for the removal or winding back of penalty rates.

Many other business groups are also targeting penalty rate reductions. The Accommodation Association wants the loading for working public holidays cut from double time and a half to time and a half.

Clubs Australia complained that its penalty rates for Saturdays and Sundays were 25 percentage points higher than the restaurant sector.

The Australian Hotels Association and the Pharmacy Guild of Australia are also seeking unspecified reductions in penalty rates. The pharmacists argue that changing consumer patterns required change.

Australia’s biggest brickmaker, ASX-listed Brickworks, is one of the few companies to have so far made a direct submission to the broader review.

It wants its workers to start at 4am, instead of the usual 6am at present, without penalties and abolish weekend penalty rates. It claims to have the support of its 1500-strong workforce for the changes.

Brickworks managing director Lindsay Partridge said for many employees, working weekends and nights was no longer considered unsociable, and taking midweek breaks was preferable for some working families.

The sector was battling to keep prices down, particularly in the face of cheaper Asian-based competitor, but paying penalties on weekends and others was eating into the companies’ profits.

“The masonry business has been in decline over the past decade or more and we would hope these changes will improve the viability of the industry,” he said.

The company wants the abolition of a 3 per cent allowance it claims is outdated having been established in the 1970s to compensate for harsher working conditions.

Brickworks featured prominently in the Liberal Party fund-raising scandal in NSW last year over its donations to the party.

Stevedores Qube and DP World used a joint submission to argue for a substantial reduction in penalty rates including from a 250 per cent loading to 150 per cent for Sundays.

The employers have foreshadowed calling dozens of witnesses to support their case at hearings slated for later in 2015.

Australian Council of Trade Unions president Ged Kearney said the industries’ arguments that weekends should have the same value for workers as weekdays was “nonsense”.

“When employers talk about getting rid of penalty rates, they find any excuse, ” she said.

“Weekends are still highly valued by workers. They are still when weddings occur, and when children aren’t at school. I always say the day they play the rugby league grand final on a Tuesday, you can say weekends are no different.”

She said it was wrong to suggest penalty rates caused financial stress on business.

“Unless they can show, which they have to date failed to, an economic case that penalty rates adversely affect businesses, they have no case, and every commission has found that they do not have a case,” she said

Ms Kearney said the ACTU would strongly defend the penalty rates currently in place.