According to some back-of-the-envelope estimates.
Source: Here’s How Much Pollution Volkswagen’s Smog Scandal Produced | Mother Jones
There was further strife today for Volkswagen after the carmaker admitted its range of Polos have been pre-installed with pretentious wankers.
As important as it is to manage crises in the correct manner, there are some mistakes that simply cannot be unmade.
Source: Volkswagen scandal: Even textbook crisis management can’t save VW
Volkswagen has suffered a shocking loss of credibility after conspiring to violate US pollution laws and dupe customers on a systemic scale.
Source: VW’s ‘dirty diesel’ cover-up taints Germany and its car industry