Tag: CSIRO

Every dollar invested in research and development creates $3.50 in benefits for Australia, says new CSIRO analysis

Tony Abbott thought it was a waste of money and should be left private to investment. Morrisson has currently championed the same as if it was a brilliant knew message..

Each dollar invested in research and development (R&D) would earn an average of A$3.50 in economy-wide benefits for Australia, according to evidence compiled in a new report from CSIRO.

Source: Every dollar invested in research and development creates $3.50 in benefits for Australia, says new CSIRO analysis

CSIRO fears new wave of extinctions due to invasive species

Australia is facing a brutal new wave of extinctions but there’s still time to limit how many native species are killed off by foreign invaders, the CSIRO has warned. The national science agency has released a report, Fighting plagues and predators – Australia’s path to a pest and weed-free future, detailing what the country has already lost – and stands to lose in the future – to an army of exotic enemies. The numbers are sobering, both in terms of ecological and financial losses. Invasive species have played a role in wiping out 79 native animals and plants since European settlement.

Source: CSIRO fears new wave of extinctions due to invasive species

Up to 90% of electricity from solar and wind the cheapest option by 2030: CSIRO analysis

With the cost of energy generated from wind and solar now less than coal, the share of Australia’s electricity coming from renewables has reached 23%. The federal government projects the share will reach 50% by 2030. It is at this point that integrating renewables into the energy system becomes more costly. We can add wind and solar farms at little extra cost when their share is low and other sources – such as coal and gas generators now – can compensate for their variability. At a certain point, however, there comes a need to invest in supporting infrastructure to ensure supply from mostly renewable generation can meet demand.

Up to 90% of electricity from solar and wind the cheapest option by 2030: CSIRO analysis

Coronavirus Australia: COVID-19 can last almost a month on smartphones, ATMs, CSIRO finds

How long does Covid last on surfaces

Paul Sakkal By Paul Sakkal October 12, 2020 — 8.30am View all comments The virus that causes COVID-19 can last up to 28 days on surfaces like mobile phone and ATM screens, much longer than previously thought, but lasts for much less time on softer surfaces, new CSIRO research shows.

Coronavirus Australia: COVID-19 can last almost a month on smartphones, ATMs, CSIRO finds

CSIRO: Time for a ‘science culture’ again, says leading climatologist John Church – Science News – ABC News

One of Australia’s leading climate scientists calls for a major shake-up of management, and the return of a “science culture” at the CSIRO.

Source: CSIRO: Time for a ‘science culture’ again, says leading climatologist John Church – Science News – ABC News

Tony Abbott denies China’s carbon trading plan shows he is out of step : ‘More and more countries are going down the direct action path,’ prime minister says of grants aimed at lowering emissions

Tony Abbott does some heavy lifting at a timber factory in Melbourne

Tony Abbott has denied that China’s plan to launch a national carbon trading market shows he is out of step internationally on climate change, claiming his Direct Action policy is getting “more and more support” in Australia and abroad.

On Wednesday a Chinese government official said a national carbon market was likely to be launched by the middle of next year, along with an emissions cap for six sectors: power generation, metallurgical, nonferrous metal, building materials, chemicals and aviation.

“We hope to kick off the national market in summer of 2016, starting with a three-year trading phase before the market becomes fully functional in 2019,” said Jiang Zhaoli, a senior official within the National Development and Reform Commission’s climate change department.

But Abbott dismissed the suggestion that China’s actions showed the Coalition decision to dump Australia’s carbon pricing scheme in favour of his Direct Action plan ran against the tide of international efforts to reduce emissions.

“In fact, more and more countries are going down the direct action path,” the prime minister said in Melbourne on Friday. “Direct action has more and more support, here and abroad.

“Don’t underestimate what we are actually doing. By 2020 we will have reduced emissions by 12% on 2005 levels, on a per capita basis they are down 30% – this is amongst the world’s best outcomes.

“Sure, other countries talk about what they might do down the track, but we are actually delivering lower emissions for a better environment.”

Abbott was in suburban Melbourne to tour a woodfiller business he said had benefited from the repeal of Australia’s carbon price last year through lower power costs.
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The Direct Action plan that replaced carbon pricing involves the distribution of voluntary grants to businesses that wish to lower their emissions. The government insists this policy will easily achieve Australia’s target of a 5% reduction on emissions by 2020, on 2000 levels, although several bodies have questioned this confidence.

China, by comparison, has launched seven regional carbon markets since 2013, with Qingdao, a city of 9 million people, planning to join the scheme. It’ i estimated the pilot carbon markets cover around a third of China’s overall emissions, although the lack of a unified national system has led to variations in each of the markets.

The plan to introduce a national scheme will unify these regional markets, subject to approval by Chinese state authorities. The national market would eclipse the EU’s emissions trading scheme, which is now the world’s largest.

In September China put its name to a list of 73 countries that signalled support for putting a price on carbon. This list includes Germany, France, Britain, South Africa and New Zealand. It also includes US states such as California and Massachusetts, as well as more than 1,000 businesses.

Australia, which was the first country in the world to repeal a carbon price, is now working out its position on emissions cuts beyond 2020. Crunch UN climate talks in Paris this year will set out a new global deal on lowering emissions, with the aim of avoiding more than 2C of warming compared with pre-industrial times.

Analysis conducted by the CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology states that Australia could warm by up to 5.1C by 2100 unless action is taken to curb emissions. This level of warming would have major ramifications for agriculture, human health owing to increased heatwaves, and coastal infrastructure owing to rising sea levels and extreme weather events.

Canberra fiddles while Australia burns

Image from theguardian.com

Despite the overwhelming evidence that the effects of climate change are having a devastating impact on present and future Australia, Kirsten Tona reports that the Abbott Government continues to ignore the evidence.

By 2070, Australia’s average temperature will rise by anything up to five degrees Celsius, our rainfall will be significantly lower and our sea levels higher. This data comes from the CSIRO, not from the-sky-is-falling conspiracy theorists, so …. why is the Australian Government not preparing?

It is a sometimes uncomfortable paradox of democracy that while governments—elected—come and go, much of the real work of the state is done behind the scenes by unelected bureaucrats and institutions.

But, there are times we have reason to be grateful for that.

While the current Prime Minister of Australia is on record as saying that the arguments behind climate change are “absolute crap”, Australia’s premier scientific body, the CSIRO, has been quietly beavering away, using proven scientific methodologies to produce realistic models of what climate change may look like in our country.

And the news is: hotter, and drier.

Temperatures will go up, rainfall down. Ocean acidity levels will rise, as will the incidence of certain extreme weather events.

REAL FIGURES

Global sea levels rose by about 17 cm during the 20th century, and are projected to keep rising, as are ocean acidity levels.

Air and ocean temperatures across Australia are now, on average, almost a degree Celsius warmer than they were in 1910, with most of the warming occurring since 1950. The Climate Change In Australia website use 24 of the world’s best models to predict what Australia might look like in 2030, 2050 and 2070.

The best projections have average temperatures rising by 1-2.5° within 50 years, if carbon emmissions are brought under control, soon. The worst projections say average temperatures in Australia will rise by 5° within 50 years.

Climate change is real, and here to stay.

Climate Change in Australia is an initiative of the CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology in partnership with the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, through the Australian Climate Change Science Program.

Governments come and go, and party policy is based on a wide range of political factors, strong scientific research being merely one. Or, should we say, occasionally one.

But the CSIRO and the BOM have to deal with the evidence. And they have to try, current government & party policy notwithstanding, to educate the public about their findings.

To this end, they have produced an unfeted, but extremely useful, set of reports, analyses, even posters.

But…who has been educated? Have you seen these projections? Where are the news stories?

How much public money was spent on this very important set of projections, and why are the public not being given these posters, being referred to this website? If you are planning where you and/or your children/grandchildren are going to live in the future, wouldn’t you want to see this?

LIMA CONFERENCE

Meanwhile Foreign Minister Julie Bishop is in Lima trying to defend her party’s policies on climate change.

Left: Australian Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop. Right: Tony Abbott’s Chief Of Staff, Peta Credlin.

There is some controversy around her attendance at this, a precursor to a more important conference being held in Paris, at the end of 2015. Reports say that when Bishop first proposed attending the Lima talks, the “prime minister’s office” rejected her request. (“The prime minister’s office” is often, in journalist-speak, used as code for “Peta Credlin”).

It is said that Julie Bishop was furious about this, and took it to a full meeting of Cabinet, where her attendance was approved.

However, “the prime minister’s office” then insisted she only attend the talks under the tutelage of known climate skeptic, Trade Minister Andrew Robb.

SIAMESE FIGHTING FISH

Now it is being widely reported that Peta Credlin and Julie Bishop have had a massive falling-out. (Although, it must be noted, Bishop herself denies this).

But climate change, the melting of the icecaps, rising sea levels, reduced rainfall and global warming are surely too important to be left in the hands of those who would ignore the science in favour of political grandstanding.

Or in the hands of their advisors, who frequently concentrate on the sale of the message rather than the predicament of the people.

Or…in the hands of the Murdoch press, who are encouraging the populace to blame the alleged rift between Bishop and Credlin on Tony Abbott, no longer, it seems, news.com.au’s blue-eyed boy.

NEWSPEAK

In 2003, George W. Bush, then President of the USA, was advised by notorious Newspeaker Frank Luntz to emphasise the notion that the science of climate change was unsettled, uncertain. Not because it really was uncertain, but because that was what the public already believed.

In a quite shockingly cynical memo, Luntz told Bush Snr: “The scientific debate is closing [against us] but not yet closed. There is still a window of opportunity to challenge the science … Voters believe that there is no consensus about global warming within the scientific community.

He wrote: “Should the public come to believe that the scientific issues are settled, their views about global warming will change accordingly. Therefore, you need to continue to make the lack of scientific certainty a primary issue in the debate, and defer to scientists and other experts in the field.”

REALSPEAK

The CSIRO do not think there is no consensus on the science of climate change. The CSIRO think climate change is already happening. So do the Bureau of Meteorology, the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and the Australian Climate Change Science Program.

So too, it seems, does Julie Bishop.

But Peta Credlin doesn’t. And if she doesn’t, Tony Abbott doesn’t. And so, our commitment to emission reduction and other important planks in the platform of preparing for continuing climate change, is left in the hands of people who are unelected, or who seem to care a lot more about being elected, than about actually governing.

This article was first published on Newpolitics.com.au as Government ignoring climate change while the planet burns and has been reproduced with permission.