India is not forging ahead on the solar front as fast as China. But in 2017 for the first time more solar capacity was installed than new coal. India intends to have 275 gigawatts of renewable capacity by 2027 and is counting on solar to provide two-thirds of it. This configuration differs from Germany and the US, where wind far outstrips solar progress so far.
But India is innovating by auctioning 2.5 gigawatts of wind-solar hybrid power, combining the two. The advantages of wind-solar are that the installation cost is 15% less than pure solar or pure wind, and they are significantly more efficient together (wind often picks up at night or in cloudier seasons, replacing lost pv generation).
Coal and gas for electricity generation now make up two-thirds of India’s capacity, but in ten years it will fall to only 43%, according to Mercom and the study.