AfD promotes anti-Muslim policies and emphasizes Germanness as a superior culture. Its ideology is based on the idea that Germanness can only be acquired biologically. On the campaign trail, Alexander Gauland said that State Minister Aydan Özoğuz, of Turkish descent, should be “disposed in Anatolia.” Several ranking members of AfD openly deny the Holocaust and German responsibility for it. Frauke Petry, another chairperson, opined that German borders should be protected by firing on asylum seekers. She left AfD the day after the elections due to internal power struggles, though she will keep her parliamentarian seat.